Interference and Standing Waves

posted Sep 20, 2009, 5:25 AM by Steve Dickie

Interference

  • Two waves or pulses in the same place at the same time combine and appear to be a single wave or pulse. The waves continue on unchanged by the interaction in the direction of propagation (i.e. the direction they were traveling).
  • Constructive interference happens when the resulting amplitude is larger.
  • Destructive interference happens when the resulting amplitude is smaller. In some cases there is Complete Destructive interference where there is no sign of a wave or pulse passing.

 Standing Waves

  • Waves interfering with their own reflection in such a way as to appear to be standing still.
  • Resonance happens when standing waves form. Small amounts of force applied at the right frequency result in larger and larger vibrations.
  • Area of minimum vibration are called nodes. Between the nodes are areas of maximum vibration that are called antinodes.
Links
Episode Available from iTunesU - Interference and Standing Waves
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